Hypertension and Obesity
Hypertension and obesity are often connected. Hypertension is a condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. High blood pressure can be a major contributor to early deaths and is most often caused by a narrowing of the arteries. Over time hypertension and the pressure high blood pressure puts on the arteries can cause a patient to have a higher risk for a heart attack or stroke.
How are hypertension and obesity linked?
People with a very high BMI, diagnosed as obese, tend to have higher blood pressure. Often factors including problems with sleep apnoea, and diabetes will cause the hypertension to progress. Hypertension can also be aggravated by smoking, poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle and alcohol .
Long-term studies in Sweden have shown that obesity or metabolic surgery, and the weight loss that follows surgery, can cause a healthy drop in blood pressure.
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Hypertension and obesity surgery: Figures
Gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy surgery can be effective in reducing hypertension. A large review of patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy has shown resolution or improvement in hypertension in the majority of cases. Unfortunately if you have had hypertension for more than 10 years it appears less likely to resolve after obesity surgery..
Poor sleep and high-sodium diets can further contribute to hypertension. Weight loss by all methods (surgical or non-surgical) is one of the single most effective treatments for most cases of sleep apnoea and hypertension. And, with gastric bypass surgery in particular, studies show more salt is eliminated from the body and this additionally lowers blood pressure.
Start towards the new you. If you suffer from hypertension and obesity, enquire or make an appointment at Advance Surgical: (08) 9386 2634.