Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity
Type 2 Diabetes and obesity are often related. Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the body cannot maintain a healthy balance in blood sugar. Many people with this condition end up with high blood sugar. High blood sugar damages the cells in the body, especially in the cardiovascular system. A person with Type 2 Diabetes is prone to hypertension (high blood pressure), cardiovascular diseases, and circulation problems.
How are Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity related?
The most common cause of Type 2 Diabetes is obesity. The presence of a large amount of fat causes the body to not use the insulin secreted by the pancreas. A series of chemical reactions that should happen after eating do not occur at the correct levels. The chemical sensors in cells do not respond or over respond. Some people’s liver will release stored glucose into the blood instead of absorbing available glucose which further compounds the imbalance. The result is swings between extremes of high and low blood sugar.
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Diabetes Symptoms and Obesity
Weight loss can reverse many of the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes. Bariatric surgery is often recommended as a long-term control for people with a BMI greater than 35. Many people who are controlling their blood sugar with medications and injections may find that they no longer need their medications after losing weight.
Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity Surgery data
There has been good evidence showing the resolution of diabetes with obesity surgery over the last 10 years. Diabetes related morbidity and mortality has also been reduced after bariatric or metabolic surgery and it appears the improvement in diabetic control is long-lasting.
Gastric bypass procedures such as the Roux-en-Y bypass have been shown to be particularly effective for remission of diabetes. Sleeve gastrectomy is also very effective. Many patients will notice a reduction in their diabetic medications very quickly after surgery, even before they lose weight.
Surgery appears to work much better than diet and lifestyle interventions to help diabetics.The failure rate of those programs is around 95% at 1 year.
If you are troubled with diabetes you may want to consider surgical options
Start towards the new you. Enquire or make an appointment at Advance Surgical: (08) 9386 2634.